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Armenian architecture

Comprises architectural works with an aesthetic or historical connection to the Armenian people. It is difficult to situate this architectural style within precise geographical or chronological limits, but many of its monuments were created in the regions of historical Armenia, the Armenian Highlands.The greatest achievement of Armenian architecture is generally agreed to be its medieval churches, though there are different opinion precisely in which respects.

Medieval Armenian architecture, and Armenian churches in particular, have several distinctive features, believed by some to be the first national style of church building.

Common characteristics include:

  • Pointed domes, reminiscent of the volcanic cone of Greater Ararat. The conical or semi conical radially segmented dome or cupola is mounted above vaulted ceilings on a cylindrical drum (usually polygonal on the outside, most often octagonal)
  • The vertical emphasis of the whole structure, with the height often exceeding the length of a church.
  • Reinforcement of the verticality with tall, narrow windows.
  • Stone vaulted ceilings
  • Composed almost entirely of stone, usually volcanic tuff or basalt.
  • A composite roof composed of finely-cut tuff shingles
  • Frescoes and carvings, if present, are usually ornate and include swirling intertwining grapevines and foliage.
  • Heavy use of tall structural arches, both for supporting the cupola as part of the drum, the vaulted ceiling, and the vertical walls.
  • Roofs intersecting to support the dome, both in basilicas and centrally-planned churches.
  • Sculptural decoration of external walls, including figures.

Almost anyone who comes to Armenia visits Garni, and they think it is...


The astounding Geghard monastery is situated 6 km from the temple at...


Ejmiadzin, which means the «The Descent of the Only Begotten...


The Gandzasar monastery is an Armenian monastery in Nagorno-Karabakh,...


Dadivank Monastery (also Khutavank) is the largest monastic complex...


Nor Getik or Goshavank is an example of 12th-13th century...


This monastic group of buildings, near the town of Dilijan includes...


Kecharis Monastery is in the center of town, where Charents meets...


The Khor Virap (meaning «deep dungeon») monastery is one...


Noravank Monastery is situated deep in the Noravank canyon, and from...


The monastery complexes of Hovhannavank and Saghmosavank are five...


The architectural complexes of Sanahin and Haghpat are among the...


Tatev monastery is situated near the village of the same name in part...


Zvartnots, a complex of structures erected in the middle of the 7th...


Moughni is 40 km north-west of Yerevan. Standing on an elevation, it...


Haghpat Monastery, also known as Haghpatavank is a medieval Armenian...


The Monastery of Harichavank is 7th century Armenian monastery...


St. Gayane church is built in the City of Echmiadzin, a short walk...


Saint Hripsimé Church is one of the oldest surviving churches...


Jukhtak Monastery is situated 3.2 km north-west of the main Dilijan...


Shoghakat church is a later monument of Echmiatsin’s...


The small church of Saint Stepanos of Lmbatavank is located near...


West to Mastara, near the river Akhuryan, in the ancient village of...


Makaravank is a tenth to thirteenth century church complex in Achajur...


Kobayr monastery belongs to a number of remarkable architectural...


Havuts Tar Monastery, 11-13th c., is an impressive walled monastery,...


Gndevank Monastery which includes a four-apse domed church dates back...


The Vorotnavank Monastery is an Armenian medieval architectural...


Sevanavank is a monastery located on the northwestern shore of Lake...


Amaras is an Armenian Apostolic Monastery and one of the oldest...


Odzun Church is an Armenian basilica constructed around the 5th-7th...


Karmravor or Surb Astvatsatsin is a 7th century Armenian church built...


Hovhannavank is an Armenian Apostolic Church monastery located in the...


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